It is the workers who elect their representatives to the Committee for Safety and Health at Work, including in companies where there are trade union organisations, the majority organisation or, if not, the most representative, who call for elections to the Joint Committee. If there is no trade union, it is the company that is responsible for demanding the election of workers` representatives to the Occupational Safety and Health Committee or the occupational safety and health supervisor, who must be democratic, by secret and direct ballot, of product standards: • There are six standards for fire protection equipment and three for personal protective equipment. The first three categories are compulsorily applied in workplaces carrying out production, marketing, transport and storage or service activities, depending on the characteristics of the activities they carry out and the raw materials, products and by-products handled, transported, processed or stored. The fourth category provides for their mandatory application in undertakings belonging to the specific sectors or activities covered by those rules. Finally, the fifth category corresponds to companies that manufacture, market or distribute fire and personal protection equipment. Precautions and responsibilities are established for the identification, assessment, prevention, intervention and permanent monitoring of exposure to psychosocial risk factors at work, as well as for determining the origin of pathologies caused by occupational stress. Changes in the rules on protection against work are multiplying. Develop roadmaps for workers` access to interventions and services for the prevention and control of work-related occupational diseases. how it should improve the safety and health of workers, identifying errors that are being made or that can be improved and the measures to be taken to remedy the problems. This is anchored in current regulations and aligned with organizational principles.
(Plan) It determines the creation and operation of medical, health and occupational safety committees in companies. It regulates the investigation of accidents at work and accidents at work. Decree 1530 of 1996: An accident at work and an occupational disease are defined as the death of the employee. amending the system of occupational risks and dictating other provisions on occupational health. The employer pursues a systems approach to occupational safety and health, which is mandatory for employers in all sectors of the economy and services; it also includes all employers and employees subject to the private sector of employment at national level; public sector employees and public servants; Workers of the Armed Forces and the National Police of Peru as well as self-employed workers. Occupational safety and health are governed by various requirements contained in our political constitution, the Organic Law of the Federal Public Administration, the Federal Labour Code, the Federal Law on Metrology and Standardization, the Federal Regulation on Occupational Safety and Health, as well as the official Mexican standards in this area. including legal systems. Article 123 Section “A” Section XV of the Supreme Law stipulates that the employer is obliged, in accordance with the nature of his negotiations, to comply with the legal requirements of health and safety in the facilities of his establishment and to take appropriate measures to prevent accidents involving the use of machinery, instruments and work equipment.
and to organize it in such a way that it is the greatest guarantee of the health and life of workers. Article 132, section XVI of the Federal Labour Code establishes the employer`s obligation to set up and operate factories, workshops, offices, premises and other places where work is to be carried out, in accordance with the provisions of Mexican regulations and official standards on safety, health and the working environment. prevent accidents and occupational diseases and take preventive and corrective measures defined by the Labour Authority. Similarly, the above-mentioned regulation, in its section XVII, stipulates the obligation for employers to comply with Mexican official regulations and standards in terms of safety, health and working environment, and to have at all times the essential medicines and healing equipment for rapid and effective first aid. Article 134, Sections II and X of the said legislation, also contains the following obligations for workers: to comply with the provisions of Mexican official regulations and standards for safety, health and the working environment, as well as with the provisions indicated by employers for their safety and personal protection, and to comply with the medical regulations provided for in the internal regulations and other regulations in force in the business or establishment. Undergo examinations to check if they do not suffer from a disability or an occupational, contagious or incurable disease. On the other hand, the Organic Law of the Federal Public Administration authorizes the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, in its article 40, section XI, to examine and order occupational health and safety and hygiene measures for the protection of workers. Article 512 of the Federal Labour Code provides that the regulations and instructions issued by the labour authorities shall lay down the necessary measures to prevent occupational risks and to ensure that work is carried out in conditions that guarantee the life and health of workers.